Elementary School Curriculum
To view the elementary school course description and the associated curriculum use the drop down menu below and click on the appropriate hyperlink.
High School Curriculum
To view the high school course description and the associated curriculum use the drop down menu below and click on the appropriate hyperlink.
English 7 is a combination of language arts and literature. The literacy skills of reading, writing, speaking, listening, comprehending, and thinking are taught and developed. Students gain practice in grammar, punctuation, and writing skills. In literature, we read classics and contemporary literature, including short stories, poetry, novels, dramas, and nonfiction. Vocabulary instruction and growth are emphasized through the use of the Sadlier-Oxford series. The novels read throughout the year include: Freak the Mighty by Rodman Philbrick, Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls, Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech, as well as the drama, A Christmas Carol, Scrooge and Marley, from A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. This course will prepare students for the PA State Assessment.
This course of study is for all students who follow the regular education program. Students are heterogeneously grouped. In terms of methodology, literary content and communication skills are presented to students through an integrated approach. Composition skills stem from PA State Assessment; reading skills stem from and the core content, which is literature.
This course is designed for all ninth grade students who enroll in the regular or accelerated, sequential educational program. The ninth grade curriculum combines study in literature, composition, grammar and vocabulary. Composition assignments may center on skills and content found in the literature. Correct grammatical usage and writing techniques are stressed.
This course is designed for all students who follow the regular or accelerated, sequential educational program. The tenth-grade curriculum combines study in literature, composition, grammar, and vocabulary. Special emphasis will be given to Keystone-based literature standards, standardized test-taking skills, and text-dependent analysis writing. Students enrolled in this course will take the Keystone Exam near the end of the course.
This course, designed for all students who enroll in regular or accelerated English, includes a survey of American Literature, as well as instructional strands in composition and oral participation. Special emphasis is given to writing modes, strategies, and models based on Pennsylvania standards, research from traditional and electronic sources, and participation in discussions and debates, with written responses from all students.
11th Grade AP English:
This is a full year course designed to prepare students to demonstrate their skills in reading and analyzing various types of nonfiction prose, as well as in various types of essays. Students will be prepared to read with understanding and appreciation, to think critically and to write effectively. At the conclusion of this course students can take the AP English Language and Composition exam. This exam and its standards are equivalent to those used to measure college students who have completed an introductory college-level composition course. All students who take the AP exam and receive a satisfactory grade, may receive college credit for this course.
12th Grade Workplace Communication:
This course of study is designed for 12th grade students who plan to go to a technical school or directly into the workplace. This course combines the study of literature, writing and vocabulary with skills students will need in the workplace including workplace communication, ethics in the workplace, and diversity in the workplace. The purpose of this course is to assist students with the transition from school to work and to foster an appreciation of reading.
12th Grade World Literature/British Literature:
This course of study is designed for 12th grade academic students who desire a World Literature/British Literature survey class as a preparation for college. The course combines study in analysis of literature, writing, and vocabulary. The purpose of the course is to foster analytical thinking, application of literary concepts, and understanding of World/British Literature in terms of its historical context.
12th Grade AP English:
**Dual enrollment course**
This course is designed for 12th grade students who desire a comprehensive college freshman level English literature course. The course combines study in literary analysis, expository and argumentative writing, public speaking, and vocabulary. It is designed to foster analytical thinking, application of literary concepts to literature and understanding of world literature in terms of its major genres, its historical context, and significant works and authors. All essays and projects are based on independent explorations of literature, group explorations of literature and advanced placement (the College Board) writing standards. The prerequisites for this class are as follows: The student/candidate must have a letter of recommendation signed by two senior high English teachers and reach the standard academic requirements. The interested individual must have a “B” average (within English) over their last three semesters and have no less than an 85% for their first semester of their junior year. If any student fails to meet any of these requirements, the individual will be rejected from applying for this course.
This is a half year elective course designed to give students the opportunity to explore the genre of mystery/detective fiction from its beginning with Edgar Allen Poe through modern mysteries. Students will read, discuss, and write about short stories, novels, feature films, radio serials, and television shows from this genre. Students will be encouraged to try reading other mystery writers who are not covered in the class. This class is run on a pass or fail basis.
Literature and Film:
This course will aid in the exploration of the exchange between film and literature since the beginning of the twentieth century. Class time will be spent in discussion of movies and their connection to literature. Different movies will be chosen that culminates the many aspects of classic and modern cinema genres.
This class will aid the student in all areas of public speaking – impromptu, informative, persuasive and ceremonial. The class will center around three objectives: development of communication skills, encouraging adaptability to diverse audiences, and sensitizing speakers to the ethical impact of their words.
Horror Classics Revealed:
This is a half year elective course designed to give students the opportunity to study the origins of the horror genre. Students will read, discuss, and write about the novels that started a genre that has morphed into a multimillion dollar industry today. Students will be encouraged to try reading other writers and novels not covered in this class. This class is run on a pass or fail basis.
The purpose of Spanish I is to introduce the students to the Spanish language and Hispanic culture. This will be done through emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills.In Spanish I the students will learn simple sentence structure, elementary grammar, and everyday vocabulary.The students will be introduced to cultural topics through the use of movies, music, guided internet searches, and activities involving such things as holiday celebrations and cooking. This will formulate positive attitudes and a better understanding of the Spanish-speaking people and their way of life.
The purpose of Spanish 2 is to reinforce and add upon what the student learned in Spanish I. The students will learn more complex sentence structure and more advanced grammar and vocabulary. Proper pronunciation and intonation will continue to be stressed. Further cultural topics will be presented again through the use of movies, internet searches, holiday celebrations, music, dance, and cooking. These will continue to provide the students with more insight into Hispanic ways of life. Spanish 2 will give the student a foundation in grammar and encourage the more capable student to further their Spanish studies.
Spanish 3 (full year, 1 cr.) / Spanish 4 (full year, 1 cr.)
The purpose of Spanish 3 / 4 is to expand the student’s knowledge of the target language. More emphasis will be placed on self-expression, both oral and written. Spanish 3 / 4 will reinforce what was learned in Spanish 1 and 2, and more complex sentence structure, grammar, and vocabulary will be introduced. In Spanish 3 /4 the students will be introduced to Hispanic literature. This advanced reading will enhance the student’s ability to comprehend written Spanish, and by analyzing literary works the students will improve their abilities to express themselves. Students' abilities of self expression will also continue to grow through writing diaries, creating dramas, and on the spot dialogues. Cultural topics will continue to be introduced through the reading and analyzing of online newspaper articles, internet searches and activities, movies, video clips, music, dance, and cooking.
**Spanish 3 and 4 are Dual Enrollment Courses**
7th General Mathematics:
This course provides a general study of various fields of mathematics with a focus on algebraic concepts and preparation for PSSA testing. Important basic skills are emphasized in order to provide a solid foundation for the study of higher mathematics. Topics studied include 1) operations with rational numbers, 2) algebraic expressions, equations, and inequalities, 3) proportional reasoning, 4) geometric properties of two- and three-dimensional figures, and 5) statistics and probability. Scientific calculators are required. If a student fails this course, he or she must attend a remediation summer school program at the Wyalusing High School in order to be promoted to the next grade.
7th Math Extension:
The purpose of this course is to remediate, reinforce, and extend concepts learned in math class. This is accomplished through whole group activities, as well, as through individual activities. This course is a pass/fail course, but activities completed in this course will be factored into a student's overall grade for math class.
8th General Mathematics:
This course provides a comprehensive approach to basic fundamental skills in mathematics and algebra with preparation for PSSA testing. Instructional time is focused on 1) formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, 2) grasping the concept of a function, and: 3) analyzing two and three dimensional space. Mathematical thinking skills, problem solving, and applications in other disciplines are used. If a student fails this course, he or she must attend a remediation summer school program at Wyalusing High School in order to be promoted to the next grade.
8th Math Extension:
The purpose of this course is to remediate, reinforce, and extend concepts learned in a student’s 8th grade math class. This is accomplished through whole group activities, as well, as through individual activities. This course is a pass/fail course, but activities completed in this course will be included in a student's overall grade for math class.
This course provides a foundation of study essential for further mathematical investigation. Topics covered include variables and expressions, exploring rational numbers, ratio and proportion, relations and functions, solve and graph linear equations and inequalities, word problems, solve systems of equations and inequalities. Students will also relate and apply these algebraic concepts to geometry, statistics, data analysis, and probability. Scientific calculators are required.
This course is a requirement for students in Algebra I. It is a full year course, with students attending class every other day, for a total of 90 class periods. The purpose of this course is to boost students’ proficiency in mathematics. Topics are at the teacher’s discretion and will be chosen based on student need. The topics will often mirror those being taught in Algebra I and will serve as an additional resource to enhance understanding.
This course begins with a comprehensive review of Algebra 1A. Students then explore quadratic functions and inequalities, analyze conic sections, work with rational expressions, and explore radical expressions and equations. This class integrates algebraic topics with statistics and geometry. Scientific calculators are required. Students enrolled in this course will take the Keystone Exam near the end of course.
This course contains the fundamentals of plane geometry utilizing the Euclidean axiomatic approach. A thorough discussion of triangles, including congruence, as well as similarity, is emphasized. An introduction to trigonometry is also included. Other topics include the study of parallelism, circles, polygons, prisms, perimeters, areas, volumes, and an introduction to analytic geometry on a coordinate plane.
Trigonometry with Advanced Math:
Trigonometry is studied for approximately the first half of the year. The six trigonometric functions, their inverses and graphs along with the Law of Sines and Cosines are emphasized. The second half of the year is advanced algebra and pre-calculus. This includes linear relations and functions, systems of equations and inequalities, polynomial and rational functions and matrices. The year concludes with sequences, series, and limits. Scientific calculators are required.
Probability and Statistics:
This course is an introductory course in probability and statistics. A foundation of the fundamentals of probability and statistics that are necessary for many college requirements will be earned. The course presents academic students with concepts of probability and inferential statistics as applied to hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, regression analysis, random sampling, and games of chance. The binomial, normal and student t distributions are extensively studied. Prerequisite – Algebra 2
This is a full-year course designed to help students develop competencies in mathematics for business and personal use. Students will begin with a basic math review and use these skills in real-life problem solving. Then, they will proceed to learn how to compute gross and net income, maintain a checking and savings account, fill out tax forms, determine interest payments on credit, and other basic record keeping functions. The course focuses on awareness of consumer-related issues and strives to help students become "more informed" consumers now and in the future. Units on purchasing a car, purchasing a home, and insurance will also be covered.
Math Honors/Accelerated Courses
7th and 8th Grade Accelerated Mathematics
Accelerated Algebra 2
These courses are for the strong math student. These courses are at a more rigorous pace and involve a more in-depth study of the topics listed in the regular courses. Students in these classes are required to earn a grade of 81% or higher in the previous year’s course to remain in the accelerated track.
This course investigates many topics a student may encounter in a college algebra course. Topics include; imaginary numbers, conic sections, quadratics and factoring, as well as exponential and logarithmic functions. Students must have completed at least Algebra 1 and 2 and Geometry to be eligible to take this course.
This course comprises a thorough development of the derivative via limits. Derivatives of algebraic, trigonometric, and logarithmic functions are solved using the common rules. Derivative applications include related rates, applied extrema and curve sketching. Integration is introduced with both indefinite and definite integration examined. Integration techniques include substitution, parts and partial fractions. Applications of integration and other selected topics are also discussed.
The advanced placement calculus course is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory calculus course usually taken by mathematics majors in their first year. After showing themselves to be qualified on the AP Examination, some students, as college freshmen, are permitted to undertake upper level courses in mathematics or register for courses for which calculus is a prerequisite. Other students may have fulfilled a basic requirement for a mathematics course and will be able to take other courses to pursue their major.
7th & 8th Grade Geography:
This is a course to introduce junior high students to the fundamental skills of geography. During the first part of the year, basic concepts, such as the five themes of geography, latitude and longitude, plate tectonics, climate and weather, and time zones, are covered. During the second portion of the year, the focus of the class shifts to human geography as students explore specific areas around the world. These areas include the United States, Canada, Latin America, South America, and Europe. After completion of this course, students should be able to understand and describe how the physical geography of places can affect human lives.
7th Grade World History:
This course is designed to trace the development of civilized societies while focusing on those civilizations that have contributed greatly to the development of our own society. Areas of emphasis include government, religion, architecture, human environmental interaction, science, and everyday life. The course begins with a study of prehistoric man and the way in which these people lived and survived. From there we discuss some of the civilizations of the ancient time period such as the Sumerians, Egyptians, Greeks, and the Romans. We place the most emphasis on aspects of their culture that they passed on to other civilizations around the world. The course finishes by looking at the emergence of modern European societies that began developing during the Middle Ages.
8th Grade United States History I:
The eighth-grade curriculum combines one semester of the study of U.S. History from Pre-Columbian to the inauguration of George Washington, with a one-semester study of Civics and Government. This course of study is for all students who follow the regular, sequential educational program. The students will develop an understanding of our nation's founding and its basic concepts and core documents. Students will complete the semester study of civics with a comprehensive citizenship test. We will report student scores on the citizenship test to the state of Pennsylvania, and we will give students who earn a perfect score special recognition.
9th United States History II:
This course of study is designed for all students who follow the regular, sequential educational program. The ninth grade curriculum continues the U.S. History course begun in eighth grade. This curriculum extends the ninth grade student’s chronological study of U.S. History from l789-l897. Students will begin with an in-depth look at the nations’ first leaders and end with an exploration of the social and economic issues leading into the twentieth century. The ninth grade course combines a chronological study of U.S. History with development of critical thinking skills, improved essay writing, increased research skills, and an attempt to relate historical issues to current concerns and trends in American politics, society, and culture. Peer tutoring and supplementary materials and instruction will serve to enhance the program of study for remedial learners. A hybrid learning method is implemented in this class utilizing computer technology as part of the instructional program.
AP Human Geography:
AP Human Geography introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth’s surface. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine socio economic organization and its environmental consequences. They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their research and applications. The curriculum reflects the goals of the National Geography Standards (2012). The course is equivalent to an introductory college-level course in human geography.
10th World History:
This course is designed to provide students with analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in World History. Our course will begin with the Renaissance in Europe and continue up to recent history. A few topics that will be covered include: absolute monarchs in Europe, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, and growth of nationalism in Europe and around the world, the two World Wars, the cold War, and life in modern times around the world. This comprehensive study of modern world history will provide students with the knowledge and perspective to be an open-minded, well-rounded individual in today’s global world.
10th Advanced Placement World History Modern:
This course design provides students with the analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in World History. This course prepares students for intermediate and advanced college courses by making demands upon them equivalent to those made by full-year introductory college courses. Students should learn to thematically examine historical content while also answering questions concerning causation, comparison, continuity, and change. This course also helps develop the skills necessary to argue a historically defensible claim and evaluate sources based on the point of view, audience, historical context, and purpose. The coursework heavily relies on reading, writing, and class discussion.
11th United Sates History III:
This course is designed for all students who follow the regular, sequential educational program. This course covers United States History from l897-Present. Students will analyze the rise of Modern Business and reformers, the United States emergence as a modern world power, United States’ involvement in both World Wars, the United States in the Cold War, the Korean and Vietnam wars, the Civil Rights movement, the economic problems of the l970’s, the conservative Reagan and Bush Administrations, and concluding with a discussion of the present administration. Emphasis on this course is in both studying topical history, as well as development of the students’ research, writing, reading, and public speaking skills.
11th Advanced Placement United States History:
The Advanced Placement program in United States History is designed to provide students with the analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in American History. The program prepares students for intermediate and advanced college courses by making demands upon them equivalent to those of full-year introductory college courses. Students should learn to assess historical materials, their relevance to a given interpretive problem, their reliability and their importance, and to weigh the evidence and interpretations presented in historical scholarship. An Advanced Placement United States History course should thus develop skills necessary to arrive at conclusions on the basis of an informed judgment, and to present ideas clearly and persuasively in essay format.
12th Advanced Placement European History:
The Advanced Placement European History course is designed as a college level introductory course. It will expose and familiarize students with the rigors and learning potential of a college history course. Some course content will also be geared toward positive achievement on standardized tests used to award college credits The AP European History course will entail a general narrative of European History from approximately 1450 to the present. Students will explore the political, economic, social and cultural forces that have shaped Europe and much of the Western World. The course will focus on concepts, generalizations and important trends in European History rather than facts and dates. This course will also assist students in developing positive “historical patterns of thought” and increase student’s abilities to link history with current development. Students will investigate primary sources, conduct research, teach lessons, discuss bias and propaganda, and will be evaluated in a manner consistent with the college experience.
Our nation can ill afford to have high school students who lack the basic skills to understand vital economic issues. This course gives students a solid education in economics at a pre-college level and affords the opportunity of learning how the economy functions and examines their roles in the wealth-creating process. Students are introduced to major economic systems, with emphasis on the free enterprise or market economy of the U.S. The course covers micro/macro theories of economics, as well as current economic topics. Timely information regarding voter registration and participation is also presented as students explore the interrelatedness of political and economic systems and their own citizenship roles of voters and taxpayers.
This behavioral social science explores the many facets of human experiences. The course gives students the opportunity to explore both the theories and practical applications that motivate human behavior. Students will get an overview of developmental, experimental, abnormal, and neuro/psychology. Specific topics include personality development, learning and memory, the nervous system, neuropathology, emotions, stress management, mental health, behavioral disorders, mental retardation, etc. The course is specifically designed to enhance one’s understanding of self and others and focuses on ways to promote self-esteem, positive interpersonal skills, and social and mental wellness.
7th Life Science:
Life Science is a high-interest course designed to develop students’ interest and understanding of life and life processes and each student’s relationship with life on earth. Life Science will be taught in sequential manner, from the basis of life progressing from the simplest form of life (viruses to monerans) to the more complex (mammals).
8th General Science:
General Science 8 is a course designed to expose 8th grade students to a wide variety of scientific subject areas. Throughout the course, the process of scientific discovery will be emphasized while students learn about the following areas: 1) The Nature of Science; 2) Ecology; 3) Environmental Science; 4) Chemistry; 5) Astronomy; 6) Electricity and Magnetism; 7) Energy, Work and Machines; 8) Motion, Forces and Pressure. The course also includes two authentic units where students are grouped in teams to solve problems with a more “real world” approach. The coursework will prepare these students for the variety of science classes they will take during their high school years. The curriculum will focus on standards set by the PSSA tests and will help prepare the students for the 8th grade PSSA Science Test.
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) is an intended 9 week course for 8th grade students. The course integrates STEM related fields though project based learning. Student engagement is brought about through frequent hands-on activities geared toward problem solving. Students are encouraged to work in groups as collaboration is highly encouraged in problem solving. During project based learning students will be provided with a challenge in which they must draw upon their own creativity and knowledge while using the scientific process to help find and or build solutions to the challenge presented. There will be an emphasis placed on their ability to work with peers as well as think independently as part of this creative process.
Students are provided with a better understanding of earth’s changes (below, above, as well as on the surface), through the study of earthquakes, volcanoes, weathering, erosion, atmosphere, and oceans.
10th General Biology:
This course of study is for all students who follow the regular educational program. It is required that a student successfully completes this course or an acceptable alternative (i.e. Accelerated Biology), with a grade of 68% or better to graduate. Students are heterogeneously grouped. Biology is the study of life and its surroundings. Biological terminology, organismal structures, and functions, and life processes are presented to the students through a varied approval. This procedure requires that students apply rote memorization, analysis, and synthesis to their thought process. Topics covered are Biological Principles, Cells, Genetics, Evolution, Ecology, Microorganisms, Plants, Vertebrates, and Human Biology. Students enrolled in this course will take the Keystone Exam near the end of course.
This course of study is for students who elect an accelerated educational program. Students can elect to take Accelerated Biology instead of General Biology. Students are homogeneously grouped, and the course is geared toward the above average achiever. The content covered is the same as General Biology but at an accelerated pace and more in depth and descriptive. If a student desires to take Biology in 9th grade then they should elect to take this course. Students enrolled in this course will take the Keystone Exam near the end of course.
Principles of Technology:
Principles of Technology is a lab-oriented physics class based on the curriculum designed by CORD. The contents of the class are divided into six units, each unit being divided into three or four subunits. The topic of Unit 1 is Force; the sub-units are Force/Torque, Pressure, Voltage, and Temperature Difference. The topic of Unit 2 is Work; the sub-units are Mechanical Work, Fluid Work, and Electrical Work. The topic of Unit 3 is Rate; the sub-units are Speed, Velocity/Acceleration, Fluid Flow Rate, Electrical Current, and Thermal Rate. The topic of Unit 4 is Resistance; the sub-units are Friction/Drag, Fluid Resistance, Ohm’s Law, and Thermal Resistance. The topic of Unit 5 is Energy; the sub-units are Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Electrical Energy, and Thermal Energy. The topic of Unit 6 is Power; the sub-units are Mechanical Power, Fluid Power, and Electrical Power. The emphasis of Principles of Technology is hands on lab activities. Each subunit consists of 1 to 2 days.
Principles of Technology II:
Principles of Technology II is a continuation of Principles of Technology I. It is a physics class that covers the four main energy systems, mechanical, fluid, electrical and thermal. It is a lab-based class with a strong emphasis on Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry. The topics that are covered in class are: Force Transformers, Momentum, Waves and Vibrations, Energy Converters, Radiation and Optical Systems.
Advanced Placement Physics:
**Dual Enrollment Course**
The advanced placement physics course is designed for students pursuing a post-secondary education in science. The curriculum incorporates the instructional objectives, problem-solving techniques and concepts traditionally included in a first-year college course.
The methodology employed in this course consists of the teaching of problem solving strategies as they are applied to the subject matter of physics. Simple laboratory demonstrations and the use of technical drawings are included to facilitate the student’s understanding of the materials. There is a special attempt to try to relate both the concepts and the individual problems to real-life situations.
This course of study is written for all students who follow a regular academically orientated educational program.
The methodology employed in this course consists of the teaching of problem solving strategies as they are applied to the subject matter of physics. Simple laboratory demonstrations and the use of technical drawing are included to facilitate the student’s understanding of the materials. There is a special attempt to try to relate both the concepts and the individual problems to real-life situations.
This course is designed as a year-long chemistry course geared for a non-science college bound student. This class has no lab period scheduled. The course follows the modeling approach to chemistry. The three questions that guide the approach to understanding chemistry are: How do we view matter? How does it behave? What is the role of energy in the changes we observe? The course starts with a very simple model of the atom and throughout the year evolves the model as the need for a better one arises. This course covers the traditional topics: periodic classification, atomic theory and structure, chemical bonding, nomenclature, types of chemical reactions, stoichiometry, etc. These topics are covered during the year in an as needed basis for the development of the model.
This course is designed as a year long course for students interested in the sciences or a science related field. The course follows the modeling approach to chemistry. The three questions that guide the approach to understanding chemistry are: How do we view matter? How does it behave? What is the role of energy in the changes we observe? The course starts with a very simple model of the atom and throughout the year evolves the model as the need for a better one arises. This course covers the traditional topics: periodic classification, atomic theory and structure, chemical bonding, nomenclature, types of chemical reactions, stoichiometry, etc. These topics are covered during the year in an as needed basis for the development of the model.
Advanced Placement Chemistry:
This course follows the program of study recommended by the College Board for their advanced placement program in chemistry. It is designed as a continuation of the first year chemistry survey course extending into problems and theory traditionally considered in the first year of a college chemistry program. The course will serve as excellent preparation for those students who would select engineering, pre-medicine or any of the physical sciences as their under-graduate major.
Forensic Science is an elective with a prerequisite of a successfully completed (B average or higher) year of biology and college chemistry. This is an introductory course that focuses on practices and analysis of physical evidence found at crime scenes. The fundamental objective is to teach the basic processes and principles of scientific thinking and apply them to solve problems that are not only science related, but cross the curriculum with critical thinking skills.
This full year course offers juniors and seniors one science credit toward fulfillment of their graduation requirement. Environmental science focuses on integrating sciences such as Biology, Chemistry, and Earth Science to bring awareness to the science that directly affects all of us on a daily basis. A few key topics to be discussed are the natural systems of the Earth, the biogeochemical cycles and the flow of matter and energy through living systems. Population dynamics, biodiversity, pollution and human impacts on the environment are also key topics that will be covered. Through various environmental topics students will be asked to help problem solve for solutions so that a healthy coexistence can occur between our ecosystems and our thriving demand for resources as we grow as a population.
This full year course offers juniors and seniors one science credit toward fulfillment of their graduation requirement. This course is designed to allow students to develop skills and knowledge related to wildlife and habitat conservation. Current topics and real life issues related to conservation will be the focus of this class. The curriculum will focus on the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation as it relates to hunting, fishing, and conservation work. Students will benefit from learning how conservation directly benefits habitat acquisition, and wildlife management. During the first half of the school year the topics will focus on forest and wildlife ecology as it relates to habitat management and wildlife conservation. The second half of the year will focus on the history of conservation as it relates to the growing human population and the effect this population has on resources (i.e. water, land, game species, fishing and more).
Advanced Placement Biology:
This elective course is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory course usually taken by Biology majors during their first year. The course content is geared toward the high achiever. The course is the natural progressive step after 10th grade biology for students interested in pursuing a science-field career. The course covers some of the same topics as in the sophomore year, however, the range and depth of the subject matter, the kind of laboratory work done by students, and the time and effort required of students is more closely compared to that of a college course. The course aims to provide students with the conceptual framework, factual knowledge, and analytical skills necessary to deal critically with the changing science of Biology. Biological terminology, organism structures and functions, and life processes with emphasis on the human animal is presented to the students through a varied approach. All students taking Advanced Placement Biology will be encouraged to take the AP final exam.
Human Anatomy & Physiology:
This elective course is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory course taken by a first or second year student. The content is geared towards the high achieving students preparing for careers in health related professions, such as; nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, medicine, medical technology, x-ray technology, sports medicine, physical education, and biological sciences. The course aims to provide students with the essential information for understanding the structure and function of the human body. The course will also improve the ability of students to visualize the human body, to understand the principal of human anatomy and physiology and to apply the terms and concepts of the course to a variety of real world and clinical situations. Also included, as a part of the curriculum is a detailed dissection of an animal.
This course is an upper level science course covering topics of the history of astronomical study, gravity and planetary motion, the solar system, stars, the Sun, galaxies and other forms of planetary science. Cosmology, the nature of the universe is explained. Space exploration, orbital mechanics, aeronautics and rocket science will also be explored.
Invention and Innovation:
Invention and Innovation prepares students with opportunities to apply the design process in the invention or innovation of a new product, process, or system. In this course, students learn all about invention and innovation. They have opportunities to study the history of Invention and Innovation, including their impacts on society. They learn about the core concepts of technology and the various approaches to solving problems, including engineering design and experimentation. Students apply their creativity in the invention and innovation of new products, processes, or systems.
Finally, students learn about how various inventions and innovations impact their lives. Students participate in engineering design activities to understand how criteria, constraints, and processes affect designs.
Engineering Foundations prepares students to understand pre-engineering concepts that focus on critical thinking and problem solving. Group and individual activities engage students in creating ideas, developing innovations, and engineering practical solutions. Technology content, resources, and laboratory/classroom activities apply student applications of science, mathematics, and other school subjects in authentic situations. Students develop an understanding of the influence of technology and engineering on coding through design by exploring different computer science programs, and applying their learning to design to solve an authentic real-world problem. Students develop an understanding of engineering design, the formal process that transforms ideas into products or systems of the designed world.
9th Drivers Education:
Students at Wyalusing Valley High School must satisfactorily complete 30 hours of classroom instruction in driver education to graduate. This course is given to all ninth grade students and upon successful completion, the student will receive one fifth of a credit. The course is 45 days in duration or one quarter of the school year with each period being 45 minutes long. The purpose of driver education is to develop safe, sane, and cooperative attitudes toward driving on our streets and highways. Current trends in driver education are discussed and analyzed.
Health education is offered to the following grades in order to increase each student’s knowledge and comprehension of important health concepts. The classes are designed to analyze and assess current behaviors and lifestyle choices that affect one’s health.
All seventh graders are required to take health. The course begins with an overall definition of health and wellness concepts. Practicing using goal setting and decision making skills to enhance health is examined during the units of drug and alcohol prevention, basic HIV education, and bullying vs. health relationships.
All eighth graders are required to take health. This course focuses on conflict resolutions, bullying and empathy for others and values. The course concludes with an overview of body systems (respiratory, circulatory, nervous etc.).
9th Health and CPR:
All ninth graders are required to take health. This course emphasizes mental health and mental illness, while replacing stigma with compassion. HIV and STI’s prevention, and sexual harassment will be discussed. Importance will be placed on the student’s acquiring knowledge and assuming responsibility for one’s own health. A look into bullying and cyberbullying is examined. Last, a basic understanding of first aid, the appropriate response in an emergency situation, the circulatory system, respiratory system, and CPR skills. The CPR portion ties all of these things together and provides students with guided practices in the various skills.
All tenth graders are required to take health. This health course provides knowledge and understanding of the interdependency of lifelong physical health, mental health, and personal safety. It is designed to give students exposure to topics concerning everyday life. The following units of study are covered: wellness, nutrition, weight control, and alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. The course provides basic information about suicides as well as helps students develop practical skills for prevention and intervention. The lessons in the curriculum provide a personalized education that will assist students in developing decision-making skills through the use of current information.
Junior High School Physical Education:
A comprehensive program at Wyalusing will be a learning experience to meet the current projected needs of the individual student. The main emphasis of Junior High School Physical Education will include fitness activities and team sports. Students will be given an opportunity to demonstrate proper social, physical and mental skills. This course is required for 7th and 8th grade.
Senior High School Physical Education (half-year 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th)
The Physical Education program provides each student with the opportunity to participate in a comprehensive program consisting of skill development, lead up games, team sports, and physical fitness activities. The students receive instruction in rules, skills, and strategies associated with the different sports as well as learning experiences involving physical conditioning activities. The students will also have opportunities to become involved in life-long physical activities through individual sport units. The program promotes the spirit of cooperation, leadership, fair play, and friendly competition.
7th My Future:
In this nine-week course, students will first learn the proper reaches and techniques used in operating a keyboard. Students will also discuss, investigate, evaluate and share knowledge about a variety of careers. After taking an interest inventory, students will investigate a career of their choice. Students will complete a variety of their course work using their Chromebook and various websites. Students will also complete career-based activities assigned on the Smart Futures site.
Communication, efficiency, and accuracy are important characteristics of any successful organization. As a student in this course, students will learn to use the proper reaches and techniques, as well as, build speed and accuracy when using a keyboard. Students will also learn to format a variety of documents that will be useful in high school and college course assignments, as well as in the workplace.
Business Law is a course designed to recognize legal problems, which call for professional assistance. Problems studied reflect situations that have an impact on the lives of young persons, adults, and business firms. Students should grasp a basic understanding of legal principles that will be useful throughout life. Topics covered include criminal law, personal law, contracts and sales.
Marketing is a course designed to assist students in the knowledge about the forces that operate in our market-oriented economy. Students will learn the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational objectives. Student projects include (1) a product/ company research presentation and (2) developing and presenting a commercial/advertisement.
**Dual Enrollment Course**
This course is designed to help students learn and apply valuable life skills in money management, career planning, saving and investing, credit management, and retirement planning. By exploring successful strategies to grow and protect wealth, students will discover ways to manage your life and your resources.
Introduction to Business:
Introduction to Business is a course that combines business and economic concepts with practical applications to help students explore business opportunities and to learn to make informed economic decisions in our global economy. This course will contribute to a student’s economic citizenship and economic environment through knowledge of skills in selecting and using goods and services. Students will become knowledgeable and appreciative of the American business system and its integral role in the global economic society.
**Dual Enrollment Course**
In order to be successful, business owners and managers must have the ability to make good business decisions. Many of these decisions are based on good financial records. In this course, students will learn the entire accounting cycle for both a proprietorship and a partnership. Students will complete a variety of simulations for companies using MindTap.
Career Pathways is a junior-senior level class that focuses on preparing students to succeed in the world of work. Students learn how to perform career research and prepare employment documents. Students also gain valuable skills and knowledge in areas of payroll and benefits, workplace conflict, ethics, safety on the job, budgeting, and personal finance.
Accounting II is a course that expands on topics learned in the first-year course while adding new topics about short term investments, inventory, depreciation and notes payable. This course helps qualify students for jobs and careers at higher levels than one year of study will allow. It also gives students excellent background and preparation for college accounting courses, and business majors.
Exploring Business is a class that is designed to give students the opportunity to learn about the variety of business classes offered at Wyalusing High School. This course will cover small sections of entrepreneurship, marketing, accounting, desktop publishing, multimedia presentation, and a checkbook simulation. Students will gain “hands-on” experience with a variety of computer programs and be able to express their creativity through projects and assignments.
Desktop Publishing is an introductory level class designed to teach students the basics of using images in publications. Students will gain editing and design experience through the use of Adobe Photoshop CC.
Advanced Desktop Publishing:
Desktop Publishing is a prerequisite for Advanced Desktop Publishing. This is a projects-based class designed to offer students a hands-on approach to implementing the basic features learned in desktop publishing, advanced computer and design skills that will be taught throughout this class. The course will focus on a review of the basic features of Microsoft Publisher, learning advanced features of Microsoft Publisher and independent/intense completion of “real world” desktop publishing projects related to the needs of the Wyalusing Area School District.
Web Page Design:
Web page design is a half-year course designed to serve as an introduction to creating web pages and websites. Students will use a hands-on approach to study proper web design. Study of HTML tags at replit.com will be followed by the use of Dreamweaver CC. Students will build five different websites for grading purposes. The course is open to 10th, 11th and 12th grade students.
Introduction to Computer Science:
This course uses Carnegie Mellon University’s Computer Science Academy to introduce students to the basics of computer programming using the Python programming language. Topics covered in this course include data storage, variables, proper syntax, functional decomposition in problem solving, selection structures, looping structures, and an introduction to object oriented design. This course is available to all 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grade students and is a prerequisite to Advanced Placement Computer Science A. It is recommended that students have had or are currently enrolled in Algebra II.
AP Computer Science Principles:
**Dual Enrollment Course**
Computer Science Principles introduces students to the foundational concepts of computer science and challenges them to explore how computing and technology can impact the world. More than a traditional introduction to programming, it is a rigorous, engaging, and approachable course that explores many of the foundational ideas of computing so all students understand how these concepts are transforming the world we live in. No prerequisites required for students, but completion of the Introduction to Computer Science course is strongly recommended.
AP Computer Science A:
**Dual Enrollment Course**
This curriculum was designed to awaken and support students’ problem solving skills. AP Computer Science A will introduce the Java programming language while emphasizing universal language techniques like syntax, semantics and readability. Students will gain mastery in programming concepts by using a subset of Java features that are required for the AP Computer Science A exam, including abstraction, algorithms, data structures, and object-oriented programming. This allows the student to understand and master important concepts that will apply to programming problems in many additional languages. This curriculum will prepare students for advanced college coursework and careers in computer science. Students should have completed the Introduction to Computer Science course prior to taking this course.
Basic Welding and Metal Fabrication:
An exploratory course in the study of basic welding and metal fabrication techniques. Using a hands-on approach, students develop a fundamental understanding of the techniques and application of various welding and fabricating tools and machines. Students are assigned skill-development exercises and projects during the introductory part of each subject area. Once basic skills are learned, students advance to a more challenging required project. Students are required to pay a portion of the material for all their projects.
Advanced Welding and Metal Fabrication:
In this second course of study, the student is taught safe methods of operation of all stationary and portable metal fabricating machines. An understanding of the design and function, as well as the limitations of each specific machine is covered.
Students will be required to complete 1-2 projects. Students will be allowed to design their own project or pick from a list of projects for the rest of the semester. Students will continue practicing basic welding joints to maintain their skills. Students are required to pay a portion of the material for all their projects.
Engines, Electricity and Plumbing:
A two-part course that begins with the study of the internal combustion engine, engine theory and terminology. Using hands-on approach, students fully disassemble and then re-assemble small gas engines to gain a basic understanding of the overall concept of internal combustion engine theory and operation. Students experience the safe and proper use of tools and measuring devices.
The second part of this course focuses on basic residential plumbing and electrical practices. Students will construct various plumbing and wiring exercises using tools and materials currently in use by the trades today.
Wood Technology l:
After learning the basic hand tool operations, the students quickly move to the portable and the basic stationary power tools and machines. Several required projects are assigned to aid the student in the development and understanding of fundamental skills and techniques related to engineering, the trades, and industry. Safe work habits are stressed at all times. Wood Tech l can be repeated for a second semester for additional credit based upon more advanced class work. Students will be assigned skill-development projects for the first 9-12 weeks for which there is no charge for materials. During the remaining time, it is understood that the student will pay a nominal charge for the materials used to construct projects of his/her choice. Students also have the option of purchasing better quality materials for required projects.
Wood Technology 2:
In this second course of study, the student is taught safe methods of operation of all stationary woodworking machines. An understanding of the design and function, as well as the limitations of each specific machine is covered. Students design and construct more advanced projects with an emphasis on using the design process to solve problems. Wood Tech II can be repeated for a second semester for additional credit based upon more advanced class work. Students will be assigned skill-development projects for the first 6-9 weeks for which there is no charge for materials. During the remaining time, it is understood that the student will pay a nominal charge for the materials used to construct projects of his/her choice. Students also have the option of purchasing better quality materials for required projects.
Introduction to Building Construction:
A building construction course designed as a hands-on experience in carpentry and building techniques. The areas covered include; theory, safety, uses of hand and power tools, layout and measurement tools and construction methods. At least one semester of wood technology is required as a prerequisite for this course.
Introduction to Computer Aided Drafting (CAD):
Students are given a basic overview of one, two and three-view drafting techniques using up-to-date Computer Assisted Drafting (CAD) programs. Attention is given to basic page layout and drawing composition concepts. This course provides the foundation for the Advanced CAD course.
Utilizing Computer Assisted Drafting Programs, this course will explore pictorial drafting techniques (isometric and oblique), sectional drawings, auxiliary views, threads and fasteners, as well as architectural design and drafting. Advanced drafting techniques will be employed based upon the individual student’s ability level and comprehension. Students may opt to take more than one semester of advanced drafting for additional credit if their schedule allows.
Junior High Band (full year, 2-3 days a week):
Open to students in grades seven and eight. The course provides instruction on one of nine band instruments as well as group ensemble experience. The emphasis is on proficiency and musicianship for younger musicians, and to have fun in the process. There are 3-4 public performances yearly. The course prepares students for further study in high school.
Senior High Band (full Year 1cr, split with chorus):
Students enrolled in this course will perform with the concert ensemble as well as select chamber groups throughout the year. Students are expected to participate in lessons, play all music and participate in all co-curricular activities such as concerts, and other performances that may be scheduled. Emphasis will be placed on developing the complete musician - and having fun while doing so. Students will gain knowledge of rehearsal and performance etiquette, musical terms and concepts, music theory, musical analysis and conducting. This course will prepare and encourage students to make music a lifelong hobby.
Senior High Orchestra: Strings (full year, 1 cr. for students in grades 9 - 12)
Students enrolled in this course receive small group lessons once a week and large group ensemble instruction on orchestra stringed instruments daily. Lessons at the high school level progress through technical refinement, mastery of advanced skills, musicianship and musicality. Ensemble instruction in rehearsals applies the individual studies in lessons to a large group setting. In orchestra, musicianship, thinking as a group, teamwork, and preparation for performance are stressed. There are two public performances yearly.
Jr High Orchestra: Strings (full year, .4 cr. for students in grades 7 & 8)
Students enrolled in this course receive small group lessons once a week and large group ensemble instruction on orchestra stringed instruments twice a cycle. Lessons at the junior high level are geared toward musical knowledge, instrumental technique, and primary skills. Ensemble instruction in rehearsals applies the individual studies in lessons to a large group setting. In orchestra, musicianship, thinking as a group, teamwork, and preparation for performance are stressed.
High Wire Choir – Strings is a select string ensemble where advanced orchestra members play more advanced string literature. Technique, ensemble, and sight reading are stressed. There are two to four performances yearly.
Music Theory (full year, 1 cr.)
The course teaches the fundamentals of music theory as well as a brief overview of music history, music analysis and performance. Covered are: key signatures, rhythm reading, scales, intervals, and chord construction. Students will be given the opportunity to perform. Being able to read music and perform on a music medium is a goal of the course (voice or instrument.)
AP Music Theory: (full year, 1 cr. with AP weight)
An extensive music analysis course designed for the student preparing to enter college as a music major or any student wishing to achieve a higher level of musicianship.. It combines music theory, history, and performance. Students must demonstrate an advanced theoretical knowledge of music as well as performing and writing. Prerequisite is having taken the basic theory course or by approval of the instructor.
Junior High Chorus:
Open to grades seven through eight. The course is an introduction to vocal music with preparation for performance. Students will learn good rehearsal technique, fundamentals of vocal production and sight singing and be introduced to appropriate vocal literature. There are at least two public performances yearly.
Senior High Chorus: (full year 1 cr.) (w/band, .4 cr.)
Open to grades nine through twelve. The course continues instruction in good vocal technique and introduces more advanced vocal literature as well as encouraging independence of part-singing. There are at least three public performances yearly. Senior Chorus students who also participate in Senior High Band will receive partial credit for each ensemble.
Seventh Grade Music Class:
An overview music class required for all seventh graders. Tempo, Beat, Notation Symbols, Dynamics, Rhythm, Treble Clef note reading will be taught. Projects in each unit will emphasize group activities and cooperative learning.
Eighth Grade Music Class:
This course is a continuation of musical concepts taught in seventh grade music. Starting with a review of seventh grade concepts, the students will explore and learn about vocal tone color, bass clef note reading, advanced rhythm reading, notation and dictation. Careers in music along with conducting techniques will be taught also.
Seventh Grade Art:
Seventh grade art is a nine-week course that consists of an introduction to basic drawing skills, color relationships and color mixing, along with sculpture and 3-D design projects. These lessons are supplemented with units of art history detailing significant artists and periods of art.
Eighth Grade Art:
This nine-week course places an emphasis on the basic elements of art: line, shape, color, form, texture, value, and space. Lessons that are projects are designed to give the student a basic understanding of each of these elements. These lessons are supplemented with units of art history detailing significant artists and periods of art.
Basic Art 1:
Basic Art 1 will focus on fundamental drawing skills, the basic principles of design and art history as it relates to the course of study. The students will learn fundamental art skills through the use of black and white art mediums including pencil, charcoal, pen and ink and paint, and an emphasis will be placed on value, shading and drawing skills. Projects will include practice exercises, drawings and paintings that will engage the student’s creativity and problem solving skills while teaching them basic skills. The students are given critical feedback through extensive one on one instruction with the instructor, demonstration and class critiques.
Basic Art 2:
Basic Art 2 will focus on building on the skills and knowledge gained in Basic Art 1. The students will build on their drawing and painting skills through more challenging projects and using colored art mediums including colored pencils, chalk pastels, oil pastels, watercolors and acrylic paint. Projects will include practice exercises, drawings and paintings that will engage the student’s creativity and problem solving skills while reinforcing fundamental art skills. The students are given critical feedback through extensive one on one instruction with the instructor, demonstration and class critiques. Basic Art 1 is a prerequisite for this course.
Advanced Art Elective:
The emphasis of the advanced elective art program is to get students to take a more in depth approach to the various painting and drawing mediums. New methods and techniques are demonstrated along with the introduction of many new materials. Students are encouraged to develop their own style in painting and drawing with an emphasis on originality. Special projects are introduced during the year and students are accorded individual instruction at all times. Students may select additional semesters/years of advanced art if they are going to pursue a career in art or have a high aptitude and interest in the art field. The main focus of additional advanced art classes would be portfolio design. The student’s portfolio would be an indication to prospective colleges of the student’s ability within the areas of; drawing composition, color and design and the use of various mediums. Students choosing additional advanced art elective semesters must have prior approval from the art department. Basic Art 1 and 2 are prerequisites for this course.